On many occasions the debate has arisen over whether it is the photographer or the camera who does the photography. Often in the articles we talk about the best cameras or the best lenses, but that does not mean that the photographer has no responsibility for the image he captures. I like this to money and happiness, money does not give happiness, right? But it helps! We are not going to deny that … Well, with photography it is similar, the team does not make a photo great, but it helps !! And there are different types of lenses and each one is designed for a type of photo.

That is why today I bring you an article showing you the different types of objectives that will make a difference in your photographs. With a normal equipment you can capture a very beautiful image, that transmits emotions or moves, however, there are objectives that provide added value. They are a tool that you can use to expand your creativity or even give a more professional touch to your images. And if you have that tool … why not know its advantages and take advantage of them? Read on and you will discover all that the different types of objectives can offer you!

Mario’s Note: Canon and Nikon are not the best cameras, far from it. There are good cameras from these two brands such as Pentax, Sony, Olympus, or any other brand. In this article, we reference some lenses, including a link mostly to Nikon and Canon lenses. The only reason is because they are the most popular brands and the one that most readers ask about. Linking this entire list of goals for all brands would be crazy. If yours is neither Canon nor Nikon, please go to Amazon and find a similar lens. There must be. Thank you.

5 TYPES OF OBJECTIVES TO ACHIEVE IMPRESSIVE PHOTOS

We present 5 types of lenses that will make a big difference between the photos you get now with the kit lens and your next photos that will surprise even you.

TELEPHOTO LENS, THE SPY

It is a “spy” because where the 18-55mm falls short, the 55-200mm easily reaches far enough subjects without having to get close to them. It is the ideal objective to take casual photographs of people spontaneously on the street (stolen they are called), if you have the soul of a paparazzi, this is your objective. Or if shyness prevents you from getting close. It is also very useful if you like photography of wild animals, birds, birds, etc.

Photography made with telephoto lens (200mm)

Here the important thing is to get one that has a good maximum aperture, although with an f / 4 it would already be enough. The greater the aperture, the more light enters, the faster the shot can be and the sharper the image is. If you are going to invest in a telephoto lens, don’t waste your money on one whose aperture is higher than f / 5 because most of the photos will be blurred . Remember, an f / 4 at least, and if it can be less, the better. Remember also that, in the case of telephoto lenses, it is very expensive to find lenses that have very large apertures. In fact I don’t know if there is any telephoto lens whose aperture is f / 1.4 for example. If there were, it would have to cost an eye in the face. So, with it being in the f / 4 I think it would be great.

Other advantages offered by this type of lens are that they allow a selective focus, that is, to highlight the subject on the background and eliminate the sense of perspective, that is, they compact the different planes (the latter can be a disadvantage if you seek the opposite , Be careful! ).

Here are some similar telephoto lenses and their approximate price:

  • Nikon AF-S DX 55-200mm f / 4.
  • Canon EF-S 55-250mm f / 4-5.6 IS II
  • Tamron 70-300mm, f / 4-5.6, Macro ( Nikon and Canon )

More telephoto lenses recommended in this article .

WIDE ANGLE LENSES

What would photography be without landscapes , right? Many of us have fallen in love with photography because of (or thanks to) landscapes that we have always wanted to portray.

Landscape with angle (15mm)

Wide-angle lenses are the perfect tool for this type of photography, since they have the advantage of covering a greater angle than that of human vision. They are ideal for capturing panoramic images or large objects or places from short distances.

Wide-angle lenses usually have between 12 and 20mm focal length. This is subjective, surely there are some who will tell me that I am leaving out 10mm lenses for example, and it may be true, but it is true that if we go down to lower focal lengths we already enter a type of lens where the image is too distorted , and would be practically “fisheye” targets, which for that matter do not come. And it is that with these objectives you can exaggerate the perspectives and distort the lines.

They are also widely used indoors, for example for celebrations in a church or to highlight the architectural characteristics of a building and, as we have already said, they are ideal for landscape photography, as their depth of field is much greater and can capture details at a considerable distance. If you are passionate about landscape photography, this is your goal!

So you can get an idea of prices, here are some angles from different brands:

  • Canon EF-S 10-22MM f / 3.5.
  • Nikon Nikkor DX 12-24mm IF-ED.
  • Tamron 10-24mm, F / 3.5-4.5, Di II VC HLD (for Nikon).
  • Tokina 12mm – 24mm f / 4.0 (for Canon).
  • Pentax DA 12-24mm f / 4.

FISH EYE

Of all the lens types, this is probably the least versatile. This extremely wide angle circular lens serves to let your imagination run wild. It creates an effect similar to an image reflected in a sphere and allows you to capture everything you need even if your eyes cannot perceive it. It is also used inside churches to include the entire scene: protagonists, guests, ceiling, floor … everything! It is like the wide angle, but more exaggerated and distorted.

Example of a photograph made with a fisheye

The drawback is that it is a bit expensive and its effect is so specific that it is not recommended as a first option when it comes to obtaining an extra first objective. To give you an idea, here are some approximate prices:

These lenses are not usually very cheap, luckily there are alternative brands that manufacture for Nikon, Canon, Sony cameras, etc. Examples: Walimex Pro 8mm f / 3.5 for Canon , or the Walimex Pro 8mm f / 3.5 for Nikon .

MACRO LENSES

If you have ever tried to focus at very short distances with a normal 18-55mm lens, you will have noticed the enormous limitation that these standard lenses have. Normally below 50cm you cannot focus.

Example results of a Macro lens

For this, different types of lenses have been invented, in this case in particular, macro lenses. They are mainly characterized by the ability to focus at very short distances. Its focal length is usually 50 to 200mm. It is the ideal lens for photographing flowers, insects, or tiny details of any object. If you like the Macro world read this .

As I was saying, these lenses are used above all in capturing flowers and insects for their quality to photograph at very short distances and considerably increase the size of the object of our interest. Essential in scientific photography, thanks to these lenses you have been able to see insects at a size that probably scared you, or not, but surely they have not left you indifferent, right? You will even have been able to see details that are naturally difficult to appreciate by the human eye.

Due to their maximum apertures and their image quality, they are also a good option for portraits. But the thing does not stop there, the macro lenses can be used for product photography, gastronomy, abstract photography, etc.

Do you want to know its approximate price? There are a wide variety of types and prices, here are some examples:

  • Canon EF 100mm f / 2.8 IS USM Macro.
  • Nikon AF-S VR Micro 105mm f / 2.8 G IF-ED.

50MM F / 1.4

We have already spoken on more than one occasion about this versatile lens without which Mario cannot live and which he calls The King of Objectives. In fact, this is what he says about this goal:

If I had to spend the rest of my life with one goal, it would definitely be this. Its 50mm focal length is simply perfect. It is the perfect point between a wide angle of view and a telephoto lens. Furthermore, the terribly generous aperture of this lens’s diaphragm makes it extremely bright. It makes it very easy to take photos in low light situations, not to mention the depth of field game it allows ».

And it is that among its advantages we find that being a fixed focal length, it performs much better, but what makes this lens tremendously useful is its large aperture, which, as he says, allows you to capture light in an extraordinary way and In addition, play with depth of field to make the object of interest stand out or only part of it focusing on the extreme while blurring the rest.

In this portrait above we can see how the background is blurred and the beautiful bokeh achieved. For portraits it is excellent, and for baby photography it is almost essential, but it will not only serve you in these cases, as I have already said, it is so versatile that it will serve on many occasions and type of photographs.

Has the bug entered you and you want to know the approximate price? Do not worry, in this case it would not be less, here you have it:

  • Canon EF 50mm f / 1.4 USM
  • Nikon AF-S 50mm f / 1.4. Nikon AF-S 50mm F1.4 G

Tip: If you are starting and also your budget is very fair, try the 50mm f / 1.8 that you can find for a much more affordable price and that offers excellent results (for Nikon you have it for € 206.31 and for Canon for (price not available at the moment) euros.

You may have gotten a little dizzy with the letters and numbers that appear in each lens name, if so, be sure to read this article where we tell you everything you need to know before buying a lens. Their names will no longer be hieroglyphic to you.

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